During knee replacement surgery, the surgeon takes damaged cartilage and bone out of the knee joint and replaces them with a manmade joint. The operation is also called knee arthroplasty, and it's one of the most common bone surgeries in the U.S. In some cases, it can be done robotically.
Physical Therapy: Regular exercise, stretching, manual therapy to restore strength and mobility to your knee and a gradual return to everyday activities are important for your full recovery after total knee replacement.
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components. The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the femur.
Physical Therapy: Regular exercise, stretching, manual therapy to restore strength and mobility to your hip and a gradual return to everyday activities are important for your full recovery after total hip replacement.
A hip labral tear involves the ring of cartilage (labrum) that follows the outside rim of your hip joint socket. Besides cushioning the hip joint, the labrum acts like a rubber seal or gasket to help hold the ball at the top of your thighbone securely within your hip socket.
Athletes who participate in sports such as ice hockey, soccer, football, golf and ballet are at higher risk of developing hip labral tears. Structural abnormalities of the hip also can lead to a hip labral tear.
Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation protocols following acetabular labral debridement or repair can be divided into four phases. Exercise, and particularly strengthening, progression in a repair of the labrum may be delayed by a few weeks depending upon tissue healing. The timelines for each phase are based on clinical findings and presentations of active, healthy individuals. If clinical presentation meets objective criteria an athlete may move through the phases at a faster rate, always keeping basic tissue healing physiology in mind.
ACL reconstruction is surgery to replace a torn anterior cruciate (KROO-she-ate) ligament (ACL) — a major ligament in your knee. ACL injuries most commonly occur during sports that involve sudden stops and changes in direction — such as soccer, football, basketball and volleyball.
Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that attach one bone to another bone. During ACL reconstruction, the torn ligament is removed and replaced with a band of tissue that usually connects muscle to bone (tendon). The graft tendon is taken from another part of your knee or from a deceased donor.
ACL reconstruction is an outpatient surgery that's performed by a doctor who specializes in surgical procedures of the bones and joints (orthopedic surgeon).
Physical Therapy: Physical therapy is a crucial part of successful ACL surgery, with exercises beginning immediately after the surgery. Much of the success of ACL reconstructive surgery depends on the patient's dedication to rigorous physical therapy. With new surgical techniques and stronger graft fixation, current physical therapy uses an accelerated course of rehabilitation.